December 10, 2010

A RARE PIECE OF HISTORY: The Ordinance of Secession

December 7, 2010: The original handwritten Ordinance of Secession, signed on December 20, 1860, was brought to our meeting by speaker Eric Emerson. In that a mere copy of the document recently sold for $30,000 in NYC, it was understandable that a security guard accompanied it. For decades the south felt that the north had threatened their way of life, but the election of President Lincoln on November 8, 1860 brought it to a head.

A special delegation of 169 SC residents, many of whom had served in the state government, met at First Baptist Church in Columbia to create a document of secession. Said document was unanimously signed and brought to Charleston by train, where a convention was held at 134 Meeting Street. The "Secession Hall" as well as St. Andrews Hall, where the final document was completed, both burned in later major Charleston fires.

The document was signed on parchment and later reproduced by the lithographic process with a copy given to each of the 169 signers. It was carried up the streets along with the large Secession Banner [now on exhibit at the South Carolina Historical Society in Charleston].

A subsequent document was formed to reinforce the Ordinance, noting:
1. A Justification for the Immediate Causes of War.
2. A legal framework for the Ordinance of Secession.
3. An emphasis that the true power of governance rests with the states.
4. An argument position that non-slave owning states had no right to permit escaped slaves to find asylum in those states.
5. A list of grievances noting that other states were seeking to negate the rights of the 14 states who would become the Confederacy.
6. An affirmation of the right to self governance.

On April 12, 1861 the hot war began with the firing on Fort Sumter. Before it was over 620,000 people died, property loss was in the millions and 4 million slaves became emancipated. No one can predict what might have happened without the war, but it is safe to say that the Ordinance of Secession set in motion forces which in later years led to the eventual civil rights movement and the re-emergence of Charleston as one of the finest cities in the world in which to see and live with unprecedented excellent historic preservation. Just imagine that Charleston could just as easily be an eastern transportation hub with dozens of glass towers and no historic homes and buildings!

Reported by Fred Sales, Keyway Committee
Rotary International Eradicating Polio

Nov. 30, 2010: The Historic Charleston Rotary Club was treated to an impressive and memorable review of how Rotary International continues in its time-honored work to combat and eradicate the planet of Polio.

Ed was at ease in his environment given his many connections throughout Charleston and South Carolina. Earlier in the year, he responded to the strong missionary call from within that took him to Nigeria in March 2010, where he helped in the distribution of polio vaccine and the education of the disease in remote parts of that nation.

As we all know, combating polio is the No. 1 humanitarian goal of Rotary. To remind us of the devastating effects of the disease, Ed shared images of polio sufferers from the 1950s and 1960s, enduring the crude support of the Iron Lung machine and those memorable leg-braces, wheel chairs and more.

In 1985, Rotary International launched an aggressive program, PolioPlus, with a goal to eradicate the planet of the disease by 2005. And, while we've not yet fully achieved our goal, the statistics of the battle are impressive:

* To date, $800 million has been raised under PolioPlus.
* More than 2 billion children in 122 countries have been immunized.
* In 2008, nearly 1600 cases were reported; in 2009 we counted 1,424 cases, and to date this year we count 799.

A new goal for Rotary is to raise $200 million by June 2012 that will match the $355 million grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Ed provided us a brief tour of his travels through Nigeria, including stirring images of villagers, old and young, living with the disease. Many of us, I'm sure shared the chilling feeling of how easy it is to forget that most of us walk, eat, drink and work without a care for these basic abilities. Many of the sufferers live their lives on the ground, crawling about on their forearms.

He closed by reminding the rapt audience how powerful diversity within Rotary can be and is a signature for our success. Living in support of diversity helps us transcend political, religious and cultural boundaries.

Once again, during this wonderful holiday season, let's remember those less fortunate in our gestures, generosity and prayers. Here's to Service Above Self…

Submitted by Mark Danes, Keyway Committee

November 26, 2010

Martha Meeker - Joint Base Charleston

Nov. 23, 2010: Jim Geffert introduced the speaker mentioning that the base has over 21,000 employees and that Martha had been in the Air Force for 23 years. The base is one of only 12 joint bases in the world and that it is a model base around the world. Col. Meeker began by saying that: "It is our goal to not just be a presence in the community, but to be a part of the community."

Some statistics that she quoted are that the base is 23,000 acres or 37 square miles in size. There are 38 miles of railroad and 14 miles of shore line. The base is the largest employer in the low country. They have 3 miles of runway. It is the Army's busiest delivery battalion. 79,364 people are supported by the base. The payroll is $4.36 billion annually. Their budget is 172 million. They've done $373.1 million in major construction. She said that she sees herself and her role as much like that of a mayor ... she promotes the base and gets to brag about it.

Four major organizations are under her leadership as well: The nuclear Navy training command starts here in Charleston at the old shipyard; They house the Navy munitions command center; They house the corrections facility, of brig., where they make an effort to re-habilitate prisoners; The average rate of recidivism in society is 70%, whereas at the brig. it's only 25%; SPAWAR communications systems, providing advanced communications technology and logistics in every military vehicle used today. Those systems are installed here in Charleston.

Other stats. she quoted are that 35% of all military materials go through Charleston ports or the airport. Also, much of the military's materials and supplies are stored in Charleston. We have the #1 airlift operation in the world. The C-17 was born in Charleston and more of those planes are located here than anywhere else in the world. Recruitment is up. Over 800 attempted to get into the Air Force last year and did not get in. They and others are attempting to do so again this year.

Col. Meeker said that she is dedicated to making the base the best that it can be. To do so, she has developed a three prong strategy: Develop a master plan for the weapons station; Award $100 million in contracts in 2011; Develop an enhanced use lease system.

Col. Meeker has also developed a program entitled: "Carolina Canines for Veteran's"
* 30,000 veteran's have been wounded in Iraq or Afghanistan.
* 200+ veteran's with PTSD are on a wait list for a dog.
* Having a dog is considered to be a medical treatment.

Respectfully submitted by William Christian, Keyway Committee


November 19, 2010

McLean tells "A Marine Story"

Nov. 16, 2010 - Bestselling author Jack McLean described to Rotarians how he started Harvard in 1968 as the college's first Vietnam veteran following a tour of duty that had interludes of ferocious combat.

At Harvard just two weeks after being discharged, McLean found registration "simply manageable, almost quaint."

Registration was in Memorial Hall, a building erected to remember Union soldiers who died in the Civil War.

"There didn't seem to be any sentiment to remember those who died in Vietnam," he recalled. "Few sons of Harvard would serve, let alone die, in Vietnam."

McLean said he quickly learned how his combat service in a war increasingly unpopular was perceived.

"Few, if any people, at Harvard cared about military service. I barely mentioned it."

After a successful business career, McLean got in touch with his company commander some 25 years after being discharged. The experience and emotion generated from the contact led to an effort put the war in perspective. He and his captain also decided to find surviving members of Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment, 3rd Marine Division.

Ten years later, McLean wrote "Loon: A Marine Story" to memorialize the company and his fallen comrades. Medal of Honor winner and Rotarian Jim Livingston, who introduced McLean and served around the same time in another Marine unit, described McLean's memoir and his "baptism under fire."

"'Loon' refers to the mountain landing zone where the climactic three-day battle of the book occurs, where, as Jack tells it, 'for those three days in June 1968, Charlie and Delta companies were the war in Vietnam.'"

McLean, who answered several questions about the process that spurred him to write the book, signed copies after the meeting.

Prior to his talk, Peg Eastman of Military Assistance Providers asked Rotarians to support its "Be a Buddy" program to help active-duty service members, veterans and their families have successful reintegration into the community following their overseas duty. More:

Rotarian Tom Sweeny also told members that a Veteran of the Month would be honored on Nov. 30.

Submitted by Andy Brack, Keyway Committee

November 12, 2010

Play Hard and Play to Win - The Citadel Basketball Program

Nov. 9, 2010: Rotary member, Ed Vaughan introduced today's speaker, the Citadel's new head basketball coach, Charles "Chuck" Driesell with a brief personal and professional bio. Born and raised in Maryland, Chuck attended the University of Maryland where his father, Charles Grice "Lefty" Driesell, was the head basketball coach. Chuck was a four-year letter winner and Academic All-ACC. Ed noted Chuck's coaching highlights including winning seasons at James Madison, Marymount University and Maryland.

Chuck began his presentation remarking on the 2 main differences between and Maryland and Charleston: the weather and the color blue. Charleston's warm weather has been a confusing adjustment as cold weather always meant basketball season in Maryland. But with a closet of new blue shirts and elimination Terrapin red, there's no question Bulldog basketball season is days away.

Chuck's relationship with The Citadel began years ago as a high school senior weighing the options of Bulldogs versus Terrapins. Ultimately, the idea of uniforms and early mornings convinced Chuck to attend Maryland. 29 years later, he has inherited a team of uniformed, early rising basketball players. A team, he believes, has the discipline and skill to deliver a winning season.

The Citadel's rising starts include Cameron Wells, a Citadel senior and "special player", Zach Urbanus , the all-time leader in Citadel 3 point history and Austin Dahn, a "smart player" predicted to have a "break out year." Chuck explained that with the combination of Wells, Urbanus, Dahn and "pick up players," his "inside - out" system will deliver success. The "pick up players" are 5th year eligible transfer students who have the crucial size to play with their backs to the basket. Their addition to the team is invaluable as Chuck noted, "you can't teach size."

Chuck's "play hard, play to win" mentality and excitement for the season and his players was evident as he encouraged the audience to attend their 13 home games and fill the Field House's 6,000 seats. Chuck's 16 players are only part of his team; his newly hired staff provides the discipline and role models each player needs to apply the "play hard, play to win" attitude for their lives on and off the basketball court.

During the Q&A session, Chuck answered the following questions:

Q: Best game you ever watched? A: When Jordan scored 61 points at the Boston Gardens.

Q: What will the team look like next season? A: 8 seniors lost in 2011 but 7 freshman gained in 2010

Q: Difference coaching military players? A: 1) Manage time; 2) Work around player's schedules; and 3) Watch health and weight of players who have less sleep than the average college student

Q: Community involvement? A: The players and coaches are only "a phone call away" and are always willing to speak at schools, organizations, etc.

Q: Family relocated? A: Yes, living in Mt. Pleasant with one daughter at Wando and one at Laing.

Q: Difficult adjusting to a "football town"? A: No, you find out what you have and sell it hard, and I've been pleasantly surprised.

Reported by Teal Van Saun, Keyway Committee

November 2, 2010: Fred Tetor, Retired Mt. Pleasant Fire Chief, and a ten year Hunley restoration volunteer gave us both photos and facts about this amazing historical artifact. By great fortune a George Cook photo from the 1860's was used to create an accurate painting of the submarine, in 1863, a painting so detailed it has provided valuable information for the restoration team.

With Charleston under almost total blockade the Hunley's task was to stop the frigate Housatanic which was blocking the remaining channel opening. The blockade was starving the city and creating incredible inflation of the price of everything. Using a long spar torpedo, the Hunley rammed the frigate causing the magazine to blow and the ship to go down in minutes. What happened next is still a mystery. The Hunley disappeared, and was not seen again until 1995.

In the years of restoration much has been learned about the corrosion of metal that has been under the sea. Using x-rays and computer reconstruction images, along with the 1863 painting, many things that were inside the ship have been found, including dozens of buttons, a diamond brooch, a diamond ring, and the famous gold coin carried by Lt. Dixon.

The restoration is funded by Friends of the Hunley, ticket admission sales, and the support of Clemson University which has already developed research techniques about corrosion which will have world wide application. The next step is to rotate the sub into an upright position exposing a side yet unseen and un-worked. The electronic drying process is expected to take another 4 to 5 years. Eventually the sub will be visible out of its water container. Answers to questions from the audience gave the following information:

Still unknown is exactly why the Hunley sank.
There is no design information about the next generation of the Hunley class sub.
The Federal and State governments are no longer supporting the project.
Its permanent museum location is expected to be the old officer's club at the Navy Base.

Reported by Fred Sales, Keyway Committee

October 29, 2010


October 26, 2010: The Rotary Club of Charleston had the privilege to host two candidates for Superintendant of Education, Mr. Frank Holleman and Mr. Mick Zais. In a facilitated forum, both candidates provided 5 minute introductory statements and answered questions supplied in advance by Rotary members. Following is a summary of their discussions:

Mr. Holleman, well educated in part at Harvard and the London School of Economics, articulated the support he has garnered from many recently named Teachers of the Year and several state media organizations. Mr. Zais methodically outlined his candidacy as based on his strong military career, beginning with his education at Westpoint, and his achievements as the president of Newberry College where he turned around the college onto a stronger path of success.

Q: What is your perspective of the voucher system?

Mr. Zais: "I support the voucher system. Each child has separate needs. We should consider tax credits for low income children and provide for private education options if needed."

Mr. Holleman: "We need to provide a high quality education for all children and have systems that will give each child an equal chance at success."

Q: In your view, how should teachers and administrators be evaluated?

Mr. Holleman: "Measurement is difficult without some form of numeric system. Teachers' compensation and performance need to be tracked as we all know there are inequalities - there are highly compensated poor teachers and poorly compensated teachers and administrators who are exemplary."

Mr. Zais: "Teachers should be evaluated based on the outcomes, on student scores. And while no system is perfect, we do need some form of measurement so we can advance the standards."

Q: Public schools have suffered deep budget cuts. If elected, how would you seek to restore sufficient funding and strategies?

Mr. Zais: "The funding system does not work. Only 44% of every dollar reaches the classroom and we need to improve that cash flow. Dollars must fund the students and principals with the understanding that different environments have different needs."

Mr. Holleman: "There are at least two main rules to follow. First, we should follow the Hippocratic Oath and be sure we do no harm. Second, we need to compete aggressively for all funds including those in the form of grants at all levels, private and public. But I need to point out that my opponent used a wrong statistic when he cited 44% of each dollar reaching the classrooms: in fact we have a state audit that demands 70% of every dollar reach the classroom."

In closing, both candidates reiterated their strengths for consideration and our votes. Mr. Holleman asserted his interest to be the public servant of public education, which in his view is one of the most important aspects of America's culture. Mr. Zais declared his strong foundation as a military officer and a successful college president, giving him the unique skills to lead our public education industry to new levels of success.

Rotary is grateful to both candidates for making time to share their views and perspectives with us, a block of the voting public. Good luck, gentlemen!

Submitted by Mark Danes, Keyway Committee

October 22, 2010


October 19, 2010: Paul Welborn introduced Robert Fencel from the US Customs and Border Protection Agency. Mr. Fencel said that he lives in Summerville and that his primary job description is that of protecting the Port of Entry and Port of SC. He said that his first love is protecting the USA.

He stated that his agency is not a border patrol, but that the border patrol is directly under their auspices. Fencel said that they became an official agency of the US government in 2003 under the umbrella of Homeland Security and as a direct result of the 9/11 attack.

Their two goals are: security and facilitation. In terms of security, they do the following: stop terrorism; prevent illegal entry into the country; stop drug traffic and human smuggling; prevent agricultural diseases; secure national events; and assist with disaster relief.

In terms of facilitation, they do the following: collect customs revenue; process in-coming travelers; inspect imports; and stop counterfeit good from entering the country.

Protect borders .... they manage a massive number of imports at the Port. They are considered law enforcement officers. They control 327 ports of entry around the world .... the land, the sea and the air. They are involved in trade security so that nothing comes into this country that can hurt anyone. They intercept trade violations, i.e., counterfeit watches, hand bags and clothing. They protect the US from unsafe imports, i.e., pharmaceuticals, pills such as Viagra.

Mr. Fencel was in Arizona for 12 years and dealt with corruption in the area of drugs and the Mexican government. He also dealt with the illegal immigration issues involving Hispanics attempting to get into this country illegally. His organization also oversees security for any major events, i.e., the Olympics, major sports events, the inauguration. They are also engaged in readiness preparedness for disasters.

In terms of the cruise ships now coming to the Port of Charleston, as well as container ships, they are part of the official welcoming committee. He stated that they believe that they are very good at what they do. He said that they talk in terms of global terrorism and its effect on the US.

Mr. Fencel said that they engaged in the tremendous response to the Haiti earthquake on Jan. 12, 2010. They sent agents over there on Jan. 18. There were 100 military relief flights out of the Charleston airport, providing aid, medical assistance and much needed supplies to the Haitians. He also stated that they helped people fill out their customs forms, worked closely with the Red Cross, and assisted churches in responding to the needs of the displaced people. He said that the Charleston response to this disaster was just incredible. They assist in the federal response to hurricanes.

To conclude his presentation, he put an aerial view of 9/11 on the screen and said: "this is why we do what we do!"

Submitted by Bill Christian, Keyway Committee

October 14, 2010

Cremins Delights Rotary Audience

Oct. 12, 2010 - Legendary college basketball coach Bobby Cremins encouraged Rotarians to get behind the Charleston Classic Basketball Tournament, which will be held here on Nov. 18 - Nov. 21.

Eight teams are scheduled to play in the ESPN Regional TV owned and operated event: Georgetown, George Mason, N.C. State, East Carolina, Wofford, UNC-Charlotte, USC-Upstate and Coastal Carolina. The College of Charleston team, which Cremins coaches, can only appear in its own tournament every four years and won't play this year. "This is our city's tournament," Cremins said. "Hopefully, it can continue."

Cremins, a college player at USC and an award-winning coach at Georgia Tech before coming to the College of Charleston four years ago, said he was concentrating on getting big-name schools to play in Charleston to help the community. "I think it's important we stick our necks out and play some of the big boys."

In a well-received talk before more than 100 Rotarians, Cremins touched on several other areas:
On John Kresse: Introduced by former CofC Coach John Kresse, Cremins noted: "We're trying to live up to his legacy and it's not easy."

On the Southern Conference: "The Southern Conference is a great conference. It's a tough, dangerous conference. We've got to get players a little under the radar and, hopefully, they will develop."

On returning to coaching after being away for six years: "It was a godsend for me. I lost my purpose. I had a good life, but I wasn't doing what I was supposed to be doing. I just wanted to coach again. It's been a great future for me and my wife. We live downtown. I walk to work every day."

On this year's team: "Practice starts Oct. 15. With these four new kids [four freshmen recruits], I'm hoping they will challenge some of our veteran players."

Favorite places to recruit: South Carolina, Charlotte and Atlanta. "It's far enough so a young man can get away from home, but short enough so he can go home."

On which member of the club was a "great point guard at Temple:" "Nancy McGinley."

Submitted by: Andy Brack, Keyway Committee

October 9, 2010

Building Communities, Bridging Continents

October 5, 2010: Today's meeting got under way as District Governor, Rick Moore discussed our Rotary District 7770, as well as Rotary International.

Rick is a native Charlestonian, Clemson graduate, past member of the Summerville Rotary Club and a current member of the Charleston Breakfast Club. He served on numerous Board and Committee positions with both clubs, most notably, as Centennial President of the Charleston Breakfast Club. His District responsibilities include: Grants Club Committee Chair and as the District Governor Nominee for Rotary year 2010-2011. Rick is a multiple Paul Harris Fellow, Major Donor, Benefactor and Charter Member of the Paul Harris Society.

Rick began his presentation discussing the importance of "building communities" and "bridging continents." He discussed Rotary International President, Ray Klinginsmith and his role of enhancing Rotary's visibility and vitality. Rick had the pleasure of meeting Ray and described him as "simple, grounded and a pleasure to be with." Although our international role is important, Rick explained that our community involvement is "90% of what we do." And as he held a small orange ball, Rick spoke about the balls ability to move with little effort and it's symbolism for all Rotarians to be "movers and shakers in [our] communities and clubs." Later in his presentation, Rick awarded our Executive Secretary, Carroll Schweers the orange ball in recognition of her strong core values and commitment to Rotary.

Rick continued his presentation with a strong focus on Rotary Fellowship and Membership. As he displayed a slide of Rotary's founding members (Paul P Harris, Silvester Schiele, Gustave E. Loehr and Hiram E. Shorey), he discussed the importance of their fellowship and legacy. On a personal level, Rick spoke about the fellowship he enjoyed at this year's District Social. He encouraged members to attend the next District social, which will be held on National Rotary Day, Friday, April 22, 2011 in Hilton Head, SC.

As another important "prong" of Rotary, Rick reviewed membership statics: 1.2 million members world-wide, India is the fastest growing membership country and 10% membership attrition each year. He explained that with the support of our members, Rotary can continue to make lasting difference in our core initiatives: Polio Eradication, Peace Builder, Scholarships, GSE, Grants and DSG.

Rick concluded his presentation with the distribution of chocolate coins and the encouragement to give to someone in display of "service above self."

Submitted by Teal Van Saun, Keyway Committee
Fall Social - A Lowcountry Boil

Sept. 28, 2010: Our Fall Social was held in lieu of our regular meeting. Members and their guests enjoyed a Lowcountry Boil at the Charleston Yacht Club. It was spectacular evening on the harbor with live music by Past President Kyra's sister, Susie, delicious food and a gorgeous sunset.

September 24, 2010

A Run for Congress

September 21, 2010: S.C. Rep. Tim Scott, the Republican nominee for the first district seat for U.S. House, told Rotarians that he valued cutting taxes, less government and regulatory.

The Democratic candidate, Ben Frazier, was invited but did not attend the club's meeting that focused on the position that's open due to the retirement of Congressman Henry Brown. Minor party candidates were not invited.

"We are in a pretty good position in America," Scott said. "Our brightest days are still ahead of us."

Scott delivered a well-honed, party-driven message. He said he would focus in Congress on working to limit the role of government, lower taxes and try to get colleagues to spend less.

"In D.C., we do not have a revenue problem," he said. "We have a priority problem."

Among his targets would be to reduce the federal influence on education and allow states to keep more education money, which he said needed to be directed to the classroom, not administration. He also said the Energy Department had 4,000 programs that needed to be reviewed for "waste, fraud and abuse."

Scott said he would work to reinvigorate America's manufacturing base: "If we don't start making things again, we will have a very hard road ahead of us." He pointed to Michelin, BMW, Boeing, Bosch and Force Protection as major industries in the state that were key to a growing transportation cluster of jobs. Other observations by Scott:

On earmarks: The House Republican Caucus is opposed to them so there wouldn't be any support for them. "The earmark system leaves us (in South Carolina) with crumbs while others get loaves." Instead, he is for "congressionally directed funding" that apparently would let members of Congress cherry pick projects for funding in home districts.

On gridlock: If the House is taken over by the GOP, Scott said he expected political gridlock for a couple of years.

Tea party: "I have no problem with the tea party. They believe in a conservative value system, limiting the role of government, free markets and reducing government debt."

Term limits: A supporter of term limits, Scott said he would limit his congressional service to four terms.

-- Andy Brack, Keyway Committee

September 16, 2010

We Are Their Voice

September 14, 2010: Today, we had the pleasure of hearing from Joe Elmore from the ASPCA, and Sgt. Carey Stout from The City of North Charleston Animal Control, about animal welfare in the Charleston Area. The topic was especially pertinent as today we presented a gift from our club to the John Ancrum SPCA to support spay and neuter clinics. Mr. Elmore began his presentation with a brief history, dispelling common misconceptions. He elaborated on how animal welfare defines and effects communities and why Charleston was chosen as one of 9 cities to receive over $1,000,000 to better the lives of animals.

The ASPCA is the first and oldest animal organization in the U.S. They run the poison control center and the oldest animal research hospital in the nation, housed in New York City. The non-profit also spends much of its energy working with local, state and federal law enforcement agencies prosecuting animal crimes, such as dog fighting and puppy mills. To further its outreach, The ASPCA has chosen nine communities to invest in and increase positive outcomes for "at risk" animals. Charleston is one of the nine.

Elmore observed that Charleston was chosen because it values its animals, but struggles with over population, as does much of the deep south. The key to reducing euthanasia, is eliminating over population by diligently spaying and neutering cats and dogs. The association's goal is that future generations not be faced with the difficult decision of which animals live or die, solely because they are unwanted.

After the overview, Mr. Elmore addressed these common misconceptions: animal rights vs. animal welfare, animal activism vs animal advocacy, no kill facilities vs no kill communities and animal cruelty priorities. ASPCA is about animal welfare supporting spaying, neutering, leash laws, they are not supporting "animal rights" to pro-create at will, wonder at large etc. They support no kill communities and state that "no-kill shelters" do not exist as we must euthanize sick and dangerous animals. Additionally, ASPCA focuses their resources on cruelty priorities which are dog fighting and puppy mills, not eating meat and hunting; choosing to fight the battle of over population and not horse drawn carriages. In summation, it is my belief that the association is striving to make the most impact in the worst areas!

The goal in Charleston is to reach a 75% live rate (up from a starting 37%) from April 1, 2008 to March 31, 2011 with the option to continue the program until March 31, 2013. Some ask, Why Charleston? Elmore responds because we can affect change. Thirty years ago the country euthanized 28 to 30 million animals a year, that number has dropped to 5 million. "We are winning this battle, you would not find such staggering results in the fights against drugs or violence." Last year the JASPCA took in 11,500 animals and over half were put down. By the end of this year, the shelter plans to get the live rate above 50% - save more animals than we put down.

Pet Helpers and Humane Net are other partners in the battle to secure animal welfare. These groups work with the local John Ancrum SPCA to reduce euthanasia of healthy and treatable cats and dogs. Here are four ways you can help save a life: increase spay and neuter, financially support spay and neuter clinics, make room for one more pet in your home and heart and host a work place adoption fair! Help Charleston lead the way to be a no kill community and spare our children and our pets the agony of life threatening decisions.

Submitted by Elizabeth Burwell, Keyway Committee Chair

September 13, 2010

Vincent Sheheen - Vision of Next Governor's Priorities

Sept. 7, 2010: Mr. Sheheen was introduced by Andy Brack and swiftly ushered Tuesday's full house through his vision of what the next Governor's priorities should be and his personal commitment to the success of our state. But not without first establishing his regional heritage; as anyone can see on his website for governor, "Vincent Sheheen's South Carolina roots run deep. He was born and raised in Camden, where his family has lived for well over a century..."

"It bothers me deeply to see the state of affairs of our state," said Senator Sheheen. "We are at a crossroad, and we need 'to take the road less traveled.' We must innovate, and we must bring trust back into South Carolina's leadership." He succinctly outlined key elements of his agenda, which included:

Education: "We must invest in our local schools in order to build the foundation that will secure our future, he said. "South Carolina needs a governor who will work to improve our public schools."

Employment: "We have the highest unemployment rate in the nation. We have to turn that around. We have severe, severe problems that need to be addressed. And as the proverb tells us, 'without vision, we will perish.' We need a governor who will be deeply involved and committed."

Economic development: "We need to bring entrepreneurship back. We need to focus on the development of small businesses and providing the right incentives to attract and build industry in the state." He made the case that economic growth can co-exist with conservation and sustainable interests. Mr. Sheheen clearly intends to support agriculture and agriculture based businesses such as reclaiming not only the growing and harvesting, but the more lucrative downstream processing of South Carolina's commodities. "We must also do everything we can to support the deepening and expansion of the Port of Charleston," he said several times.

Government: "We need a right sized government that is driven by a common vision. Whether smaller or larger, it needs to be the right size, and we must make the legislature more accountable. It is imperative that the next governor 'walk the walk' and not just 'talk the talk'." It is very hard work, he said, "we must roll up our sleeves and get to work now." He articulated his commitment to working the process versus taking "a press conference approach to governing." With respect to cost management, Mr. Sheheen wants to evaluate ways to streamline various government services that might be redundant and needlessly expensive today. "Do we need duplicate services across agencies? Can we succeed with a centralized Department of Administration?"


After his brief remarks, Mr. Sheheen clearly answered several questions that were posed in advance of the meeting as well as several spontaneous questions from the floor. Further, on economic development, he said that a big role of the governor is to lead the charge to build the state's business base and serve as the chief business recruiter. "The governorship has been much less active, and the Commerce Department has shrunk ... we need to change that direction if we're to grow."

Among the sectors that South Carolina should consider as priorities are medical/healthcare and alternative energy. "I am not for offshore drilling in South Carolina, and I believe there is a lot of potential success for us in alternative energy development. There is job creation in both of these sectors that is much needed."

He emphasized the need to focus on supporting higher education. "Successful states have a clear emphasis on higher education. We must keep higher education within the reach of the citizens of South Carolina. We can follow the models of other states. But we have to reverse the trend of the last ten years and have a clear education agenda."

Answering last questions about his position on taxation and revenue generation, Mr. Sheheen said there is room to increase tax on cigarettes, but we cannot tax our people in ways that makes their lives more difficult. "We cannot increase taxes on gasoline, especially in today's economy, when our people are already having such a difficult time."

Footnote: The Program Committee made many attempts through several channels to invite candidate Nikki Haley to participate with Mr. Sheheen, but her schedule did not allow her to attend.

Submitted by Mark Danes, Keyway Committee

September 3, 2010

C-SPAN on the Cutting Edge

August 31, 2010: C-SPAN Marketing Representative, Jennifer Curran, began her Rotary presentation with an overview of C-SPAN's (Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network) history, purpose and funding. She also explained the networks recent expansions and social media presence.

Jennifer reported that over the past 31 years, C-SPAN has grown from 3 million to 100 million homes. She described this growth as a "huge milestone" for C-SPAN. As a non-profit, non-partisan organization, C-SPAN popularity is due in part to their ability not to air commercials as well as provide reporting on all political views. Jennifer also noted C-SPAN's recent upgrade to HD (High Definition) and its no-napping deterrent effect during House and Senate live coverage!

To provide a better understanding of C-SPAN's television presence, Jennifer explained the network's three channels:

C-SPAN provides uninterrupted live coverage of the United States House of Representatives and also airs Washington Journal live every morning.

C-SPAN2 provides uninterrupted live coverage of the United States Senate and also airs Book TV on weekends.

C-SPAN3 features other uninterrupted live public affairs events and airs a large amount of archived historical programming branded as C-SPAN3 History.

Although, most commonly known for their "gavel to gavel" cover, Jennifer described C-SPAN's popular American Perspective program. Celebrities and political figures ranging from Cher and Bono to Clarence Thomas have all appeared on the program. Jennifer recounted Cher's Washington Journal call-in that resulted in her American Perspective appearance where she spoke about her "Operation Helmet" efforts.

In addition to C-SPAN's television programs, Jennifer explained the network's free teaching and student resources. Coupled with their community outreach efforts, C-SPAN's new 45' customized "Digital Bus" engages visitors of all ages through interactive multimedia. "Digital Bus visitors will experience C-SPAN's unique public affairs content across high-tech platforms such as HD-TV, the internet, and radio, encouraging customers to follow 'Washington, your way.' Hands-on demonstrations will feature the C-SPAN Video Library and the network's social media offerings and there are special resources for civics teachers and their students." [source:]

After Jennifer's presentation, Rotarians were invited to board and explore the Digital Bus where visitors were able to experience C-SPAN's cutting edge media and educational technology.

Reported by Teal Van Saun, Keyway Committee

August 27, 2010


August 24, 2010: Bobby Pearce, Chairman of the Board of the Charleston Chamber of Commerce, spoke to us on current issues facing the chamber. An attorney by profession he has been involved with the chamber in many positions for years. He is a graduate of William & Mary, with an MBA and law degrees from the University of South Carolina.

While much reporting today focuses on the bad he is very upbeat about the news in Charleston noting that this city is tops in the nation as a place to LEARN, LIVE, WORK AND PLAY. In just one year the chamber grew from having 522 business members to 592. Major goals of the Chamber are [1] to encourage job and economic growth, [2] improve the local infrastructure, [3] improve the education and development of the workforce. Currently, we have a 40% drop-out rate which must change to having all complete at least two years of college. With the arrival of Boeing aircraft [with 15,000 employees] he sees no end to the arrival of new Boeing subcontractors who will employ local people.

The Chamber has operated in the black for the past eight years and has the solid support of the business community as businesses rush to find ways to survive. When Boeing was being recruited its second stop in its evaluation process of the community was to speak with the Chamber of Commerce. The Convention and Business Bureaus actively support the Chamber and the Chamber has been at the forefront to bring Southwest Airways to the city in the very near future.

The Chamber also highly supports the Clemson University wind project, the SPAWAR operation [which currently has 13,000 engineers supporting our military], which recently hosted a nationwide Homeland Security conference. Further support continues to go toward the growth of our medical centers.

The Chamber supports having cruise ships come to Charleston, but is working to insure that this industry does not negatively affect the quality of life in the city.

The Chamber does not support an 8 year increase in sales tax, but would support such a tax for a shorter time frame, rather than have an increase in property tax.

Reported by Fred Sales, Keyway Committee

August 23, 2010


August 17, 2010: As part of the special series on the Civil War, Dr. Bernard E. Powers, Jr., Professor of History and Director of African-American Studies at the College of Charleston, addressed the Charleston Rotary Club on the subject of the role of slavery in the Civil War:

His perspective brought into focus the often subdued references to slavery as a potent ingredient in the Civil War, but one that was not overtly discussed for a very long time. In fact, in his own account of a visit he made to Ft. Sumter in 1976, the Ranger talked about the triggers for the war and cited the disputes over states' rights and tariffs, but made no mention of slavery. "That was an astounding revelation..."

Dr. Powers underscored the deep intertwining of the black and white communities in the South Carolina, in particular. Slavery was a central, complex issue and was, of course, deeply tied to the economic forces at work in the antebellum period.

He cited that while many believed northerners and Union soldiers were assumed to be abolitionists, he illustrated how the situation was quite the contrary. In the north, abolitionists were often mobbed and chided, feeling real threats to their fundamental rights to safety. And while most northerners had little or no interest in slavery, there was increasing conflict over the role of freed slaves. As the Western Territory grew, the position of the Republican Party was to oppose slavery in the west. Eventually Horace Greeley's time-honored line, "Go west young man," referred to the opportunities for freed slaves to thrive in the west. Even our own, John C. Calhoun declared, the Western Territory was the common territory for all.

But the growing fear of emancipation among the white population was not widely discussed. In step with Abraham Lincoln's ascendency, the fear was eventually realized. But it has taken too long to take an honest and courageous look at the real issues and motivations that we must understand.

Submitted by Mark Danes, Keyway Committee

August 12, 2010


August 10, 2010: Police Chaplain, Rob Dewey, introduced Mayor Summey, stating many of his accomplishments over the period of time that he has served as mayor of North Charleston. Mayor Summey has lived and worked in North Charleston since the early sixties.

Mayor Summey opened his remarks by saying: "I'll always be known as the Jr. Mayor" although he has been the Mayor of North Charleston for 16 years. He spoke briefly about how Park Circle is the stalwart of North Charleston; that it was the founders of that circle who have given North Charleston the strong heritage that it continues to have to this day. He stated that it is that heritage which unites the city.

He asked the Rotarians to "stop and think about the economy we're in and the economic forecast for the entire country." Speaking of North Charleston he said: "We're the last to take a nose dive and the first to recover." He said that North Charleston is a wonderful place to live, work and play. "People from all over like to come here."

Mayor Summey said that he is particularly excited about Boeing coming to North Charleston for two reasons: 1. They are building a top notch, environmentally advanced building. 2. They are interested in supporting many of the 501c3 organizations in the greater Charleston community. He said that he was also very excited about the Clemson wind turbine project. He stated that it will create between 10,000 and 20,000 jobs in SC over the next 10-20 years. He said that the city of North Charleston gave Clemson 85 acres of land on which to build this project.

Regarding the Noisette Corp, he said that they bought the Ship Watch Square from them to create anchors and allow private developers to come into that development.

Regarding the Montague Ave. redevelopment, he said that he wants to redo Reynolds Ave. in the same way. He wants to build a new Chicora Elementary School. He said that he's trying to recreate areas that will be conducive to inviting young couples to move into the area. "We have to play catch-up with the rebuilding of our schools. We have to create new communities out of old, run down communities. They have to become the nucleus by investing in the area."

Regarding casino boats and gambling, Summey said that it's an opportunity to draw revenue and create entertainment, that "you don't have to drink or gamble to have fun on the boats." However, he did say that it is a controversial topic.

With regards to his participation in the Gay Pride Parade, he said that "as a believer (in Christ) we are all children of God. Why should we get caught up in the small things that make us different instead of the larger things that make us alike? A lot of the things in our lives are hereditary. We have to learn to live together and work toward making an environment that is warm, caring, friendly and open-minded."

Regarding the Port he simply said that "we have to work together to make it work."

Submitted by Bill Christian, Keyway Committee

August 9, 2010

Water Is Life

AUG. 3, 2010 - Rotarians Bill Nettles and Dyson Scott gave a fascinating overview of an April trip to Peru to install water purification machines as part of the club's international service.

Our club, along with the Rotary Club of Daniel Island, funded machines installed over four days in the area of Iquitos, Peru, which is in the northern part of the country along the Amazon River. Attending from our club were former president Mark Smith, Nettles and Scott, along with representatives of the Daniel Island club.

"This was a huge success with this trip," president Brian Johnson said introducing the teammates.

The machines, designed and deployed by Water Missions International of Charleston (our club's international partner), are now among more than 700 that have been installed in 40 countries across the world, Nettles said. Since the first machines were created in 1998, Water Missions International has helped more than 1 million people globally get access to clean water. But more than a billion people don't have clean water, Nettles added. An estimated 25,000 people die daily from water-related problems.

Nettles described how the U.S. team installed water purification machines in villages around Iquitos. In one place, they installed a pump on a floating raft that could be moved to access water as the river ebbed up to 40 feet between rainy and dry seasons. One picture shown during the team's slide show showed yellow-brown water that people routinely drank and used, compared to clear water that came from a machine.

"People were lining up to get water," Nettles noted. "They would come out in droves and were just so thankful." He added that team members often had to take the first drink of clean water from a machine to show that it was good and they "wouldn't die."

Scott said the trip was not your normal vacation.

"It was an incredible opportunity for all of us," he said.

He described a trip that team members took about 3.5 hours upstream from Iquitos where the Amazon was up to 12 miles wide in some places. A lodge featured thatched-roof huts in the middle of the jungle. Grand water lilies measured 8 feet across. Sunsets were magnificent.

"The flowers, birds and wildlife are unbelievably beautiful. It's phenomenal how friendly and kind the people were."

Johnson said another trip to install a machine is planned for the current Rotary year.

Submitted by Andy Brack, Keyway Committee

July 29, 2010

Special Civil War Series: Blockade Running

July 27, 2010: In honor of the approaching Sesquicentennial (150 year) anniversary of the Civil War, our Rotary Civil War series presenter, Dr. Stephen R. Wise discussed the fascinating history of Blockade Running.

Dr. Wise, director of the museum and the Cultural Resource Manager for the Marine Corps Recruit Depot located at Parris Island, began his presentation with a quick tourist pitch for the Parris Island Museum. He noted the hours of operation and free access to not only the museum, but the walking history tours and golf course as well.

Originally from Toledo, Ohio, Dr. Wise was drawn to the University of South Carolina to study under the noted Civil War historian, Thomas Connelly. Dr. Wise explained that it was Mr. Connelly who assigned him the Blockade Running topic, a topic of which he “had no idea would be so interesting!”

Throughout his presentation, Dr. Wise remarked blockade running as a Confederate tactic that “gave the South the opportunity to win the war.” The success of the blockades was partially due to the “motivating factor of profit” derived from their supply system of cotton out and supplies in. Cotton prices skyrocketed during the war as Dr. Wise gave the example of one vessel with 1,000 bales of cotton could produce 9 million dollar in profit. In addition to profit, success in blockade running was also due to the steam powered vessels, such as Calhoun, Colonel Lamb and Clyde steamers such as Let Her Rip. These “sleek steamers” easily avoided federal Union vessels and sustained the logistical supply line.

Dr. Wise explained that Charleston’s rail connections and proximity to popular trade routes, such as Naussau, made it the first choice of the blockade runners early in the war. George Trenholm, a Charleston native, who called Ashley Hall home, was the head of largest blockade running fleet.

Dr. Wise remarked that through blockade running, the South “developed the means to fight.” As cotton was exported, vital war supplies such as weapons, accessories, cloth for uniforms, leather for shoes and medicine were imported to popular blockade running ports such as Charleston, Galveston, Wilmington, Savannah, New Orleans and Mobile. Blockade running provided the necessary materials for the Confederate army to meet their adversaries and a “chance for victory.”

Reported by E. Teal Van Saun

July 23, 2010


July 20 2010: Marco Cavazzoni, VP and General Manager of Boeing Final Assembly and Delivery for the new "Dreamliner" enthusiastically brought us up to date on this sensational new industry in Charleston. Marco is a graduate of the University of Toronto, has a masters degree from Concordia University and a doctorate in organizational leadership from Pepperdine University. He is also a world class swimmer. He has worked on the C-17 and 747-400 aircraft.

The 787 airplane embraces the newest of technology highlighted by the use of carbon fiber filaments which give the plane more strength, less weight and it will not rust. Two main rear sections of the plane are totally made in Charleston, and two mid sections are made in Japan and Italy, transported here on the "Dreamlifter", and then assembled and attached together.

Among the plane's many advantages are: less fuel needed and overall lower operating costs; less maintenance; less airport fees for reconfiguring the plane; more speed; more revenue creating cargo; better altitude pressure within the plane; less body stress in taking off and landing as the fiber carbon body will stretch; and the ability to easily reconfigure the plane from seats to cargo.

The Dreamliner is a true world plane in that parts come from around the globe and more airline companies outside the United States are purchasing the plane. 863 planes have been ordered to go to 56 customers. Due to its many improvements including better fuel efficiency and overall weight, the 787-8 can fly from New York City to Hong Kong without a stop.

The interior is very friendly to passengers with more height, better air quality, improved storage for carryon luggage, quieter sound and improved humidity.

The assembly building when completed will be the largest such building in the world, with 1.1 million sq. ft. under roof. The assembly area is totally open with no obstructions and will have a balcony to view the planes being built. Virtually the whole state has been involved in this construction with South Carolina contractors doing the work. The company also has and will continue to employ local people.

Production is expected to begin in July of 2011 with the first plane rolling out in the first quarter of 2012. Marco assured us that he will return to our club to keep us up to date on progress.

Reported by Fred Sales, Keyway Committee

For more information on the 787 and other Boeing airplanes, as well as pictures of the products, visit Boeing’s public websites at: or

July 13, 2010: Digit Matheny introduced Dr. Jairy Hunter, President, Charleston Southern University, for his extraordinary work at building the college's reputation and fundraising.

According to Dr. Hunter, "CSU students, faculty, staff, and coaches are special. Our academic programs are rigorous and our campus is inviting. Our graduates are competitive and successful in their chosen fields. CSU is an university on the move, a recognized leader in higher education…"

Dr. Hunter talked about the special mission of the college to attract students of all walks of life who value an education augmented by the Christian faith. He elaborated on his four key tenets of leadership:

1. Integrity - "Character counts," he said. Honesty includes an innate sense of rightness. Just as is stated in the Rotary 4-way test, we must live our lives in ways that benefit others.

2. Commitment - "We must see things through, no matter how small or big…" He shared the story of friends who were married for 65 years. Commitment means dedicating one's self to bigger issues and other people's needs ahead of self.

3. Common sense - We must always think clearly and simply about what needs to be done. Oddly, he said, common sense can often be difficult to come by. "It's a rare quality, and must be cherished."

4. Compassion - This attribute is best embodied by the 4-way test and mission of Rotary. He relayed the story of the student he once interviewed who vowed he only wanted to be a surgeon, the best surgeon, so he could help others who had no chance of decent care. That student became a successful surgeon, and on meeting him many years later, Dr. Hunter congratulated him on sticking to his plan and helping others, but the former student announced, he was selling his practice and seeking another path to indigent people in other parts of the world. He is an example of having an uncompromising calling to help others in much worse condition.

Submitted by Mark Danes, Keyway Committee

July 2, 2010

Think Big America; Big Ideas for Energy

June 29, 2010: Speaker: Former Texas Congressman, Charlie Stenholm, introduced by Rich Dukes.

Mr. Dukes introduced Rep. Stenholm as a Sr. policy advisor in Wash. D.C. and lobbyist.

Rep. Stenholm stated that his topic would be: Federal energy policy and alternative sources of energy. He said: "I'm not a lobbyist, I'm an educator." He stated that he represented "big oil, little oil and Texas oil."

He talked about the oil well blow out in the Gulf and remembered the 11 lives lost in that disaster, the 30,000 who live and work in the Gulf every day. He also stated that these deep water wells are necessary because 70% of all of our oil comes from deep water wells.

Regarding the Gulf accident he said: "The definition of smart is believing one half of what you hear. The definition of brilliant is knowing which half to believe."

Rep. Stenholm said that he supports all supplemental energy sources. He said that we cannot replace fossil fuels for the next 50 years. The sources of alternative energy he spoke of supporting are: nuclear, hydrogen, wind, solar, bio fuels, coal, oil and gas. He said that there are no alternatives to fossil fuels, but there are supplemental energy sources. Ten years ago he opposed ethanol, but now he supports it.

He returned to speaking about the Gulf, saying that this is the greatest environmental disaster in our lifetime and that the possibility of a hurricane in the Gulf made it even worse. He stated that our goal should be to: "Plug the hole, clean up the mess and figure out what went wrong so that it doesn't happen again."

He stated that if we'd drilled in ANWAR 10 years ago, we would have an ample amount of domestic oil. He also said that the Obama plan to start drilling offshore again, prior to the disaster in the Gulf, was the right decision.

In terms of our current energy policy, he does not believe that "cap and trade" is a good idea.

He spoke about the national debt, saying that from Washington through the Clinton years, the debt was $5 Trillion. Through the Bush years, it went up to $10 trillion. At the conclusion of the Obama presidency, it will be $20 trillion. 7% of GDP (gross domestic product) is energy related.

He said that he was worried about a 6 month moratorium being placed on offshore drilling by President Obama. He said that it would take a drastic toll on the economy and on the price of gasoline.

He stated that the oil companies have not been good stewards of the land in the past, but with horizontal drilling capabilities and other advancements in drilling procedures, they have become far better stewards of the land.

"The marketplace is the best determinate of what the policy should be." Stenholm

"We, in the oil patch, make some mistakes. We're not perfect but we will learn how to take care of the problem. We will come up with a solution." Stenholm

His final statement was: "Plug the hole, clean up the mess, discover the cause, and figure out how to do it right next time."

There was only one question: How do we fund the surface transportation bill? Answer: "enact a carbon tax." Stenholm's closing thought was America needs to "think big!"

Submitted by: Bill Christian, Keyway Committee

June 29, 2010

Young Touts Business Courts

June 22, 2010: S.C. Circuit Court Judge Roger M. Young told members today how a pilot Business Court program was working to speed special business cases through the judicial process.

Chief Justice Jean Toal set up a two-year Business Court pilot program in Charleston, Columbia and Greenville in 2007, and renewed it in 2009. In that time, the specialized court has expedited resolution of several complex cases, Young said.

"This has turned out to be a good program for everybody," he said.

Since 2007, the Charleston branch of the court has received 22 complex cases and already disposed of half, said Young, who serves as the court's Charleston judge. "They're moving along on a pretty regular basis," he noted.

Generally when business disputes go through the civil court process, it can take up to three years just for the case to be scheduled for trial. Additionally, litigants face hurdles in continuity because they generally present motions and other matters to different judges throughout the process, which often slows things down, Young said.

The advantage of the Business Court pilot program is that the same judge hears the entire case from start to finish. That means motions and other phases of the case can move along in a speedier fashion, which saves time and money.

"If a case needs to be fast-tracked, you have the ability to fast-track it," the judge said.

Not all business cases qualify for the special court. In general, its cases involve disputes in how businesses operate, are structured or are dissolved. The ability for cases to appear before a special business judge also allows for quick rulings on procedural matters that may lead to settlements more quickly than in the regular civil system, said Young, who continues to judge cases in the regular court system.

Submitted by: Andy Brack, Keyway Committee

June 13, 2010


June 8, 2010: It was our pleasure today to have our own Rob Dewey, Chaplain with the COASTAL CRISIS CHAPLAINCY, as our guest speaker. This ministry will be 20 years in service in January, serving 36 agencies in the Charleston County area, including all police and fire departments. Their mission is to respond immediately, as quickly as within 30 to 45 minutes of the episode, to people experiencing a crisis. It has been proven that connecting with a victim within the first hours, significantly improves their recovery. The three chaplains handle between 1400 and 1700 calls per year, many of which never make the news services; others, like a recent drowning of a child or a homicide, do make the news. By quickly, their goal is to arrive within 30 to 45 minutes of an emergency to provide caring and support to the survivors whose need is great. In many instances, they attend to issues in the school, counseling students, parents, teachers and staff. Rob showed us a film in which several survivors spoke of how effective the Crisis Chaplaincy was to them.

Submitted by Fred Sales, Keyway Committee

June 7, 2010

Last Week's Program - Piccolo Spoleto Festival

June 1, 2010: Valerie Morris introduced the Rotary Club's featured guest, Ms. Ellen Moryl, Director of the Charleston Office of Cultural Affairs. Ms. Moryl spotlighted some of the kick off events that have already been held successfully. In her words, "it is just thrilling to see how the young kids play like pros ... the magic and beauty of the arts should be in everyone's life."

The festival is so important to the life and economy of Charleston and is an important piece of the city's international reputation. Recently, the festival was written about in the New York Times and Wall Street Journal, among many other publications and internet outlets.

A recent Darla Moore School of Business survey pegged the economic impact of the full run of the festival at about $67 million. Tickets for events range from $7 - $51 with many free access events available across the city. All in, the city will produce nearly 900 events in two weeks.

Ms. Moryl introduced fellow Rotarian John Tecklenburg (professor at The Citadel) who provided an overview of the Charleston Jass Initiative. Of note, one of John's uncles was the well-renowned jazz innovator Joseph "Fud" Livingston, who had an illustrious career as a big band arranger working with the likes of Duke Ellington and many other greats.

John then provided our meeting with an exceptional treat when the band took up their instruments (AND VOICE) to play "I'm Through with Love." What an entertaining time! Be sure not to miss their work during the Charleston Spoleto.

The meeting concluded when featured guest, Ellen Moryl, ran the drawing for several tickets to Spoleto events.

Submitted by Mark Danes, Keyway Committee

May 27, 2010

Honoring Charleston County Teacher of the Year and Honor Roll Teachers

May 25, 2010: Dr. McGinley noted that five teachers would be honored. She thanked the Rotary Club of Charleston and spoke briefly about the five teachers who she referred to at "the cream of the crop" of all Charleston County teachers.

1. Meike McDonald, a math teacher from Clarke Academy, accompanied by her principal, Andrew Halevi, and her guest, Allen Porter.

2. Bill Smyth, a social studies teacher from Charleston School of the Arts, accompanied by his principal, Jim Reinhart.

3. Jarrett Vella, a social studies teacher from Military Magnet Academy, accompanied by his principal, Andy Townsend, and his wife, Lou Ellen Vella.

4. Sarah Earle (Runner-Up), a French teacher from Stall High School, accompanied by her principal, Dan Connor, and her husband, Kevin Earle.

5. Maisha Rounds (Teacher of the Year), a third grade elementary school teacher from Sanders Clyde Elementary, accompanied by her principal, Melvin Middleton, and her mother, Sandra Grant.

Maisha then spoke to the assembly, thanking Rotarians for their commitment to teachers, schools, students and the community. She mentioned how impressed she was with our website. Maisha spoke about teaching as an act of service, service above self. She carried this theme throughout her presentation. She stated that "teachers are role models and heroes." One of her hero's is her own husband, who is currently serving our country through the military in Afghanistan. She stated that "service above self is what drives our communities." Maisha said that "we need to take the necessary steps to take our children to the next level in their lives and education; that the most significant investment we can make is in the future of our children." She said that "by touching the lives of others and giving back to the community we can improve the quality of life for other people." She also said that "students will rise or fall to our expectations… we should expect more of them."

When asked who the most inspirational and influential person was in her life, she responded by saying: "my mother." Her mother was given a resounding applause. When asked what she thought the biggest challenge was in education today, her response was: "literacy." She said that "literacy is tied to the success or failure of students today." Upon the completion of her presentation, she was given a standing ovation and lengthy applause.

Submitted by Bill Christian, Keyway Committee

May 24, 2010

Music During the Civil War

May 18, 2010: During the speaker introduction, former Rotary President Andy Brack explained that in honor of the approaching 150th Civil War anniversary, the Rotary Club of Charleston has included programs to inform us how life was during the mid eighteenth century. Our speaker, Dr. Nic Butler did more than just inform us; his fascinating presentation included musical audio, photos and a captivating history of music during the Civil War.

Dr. Butler divided his presentation into three topics: Commercial Market for Music, Caucasian and African American Bands and Slave Songs ("Spirituals").

Rotary Club Charleston Civil War Music on Vimeo.
(Thanks to Willis Cantey for helping to get this online.)

The Civil War was the first event in U.S. history when there was a commercial market for music. Music evolved as an industry as profits were made mass producing sheet music. The majority of the sheet music was anthems of the North and South. Dr. Butler gave southern examples such as "God Save the South" and "Bonnie Blue Flag." After a short brass band audio of "Bonnie Blue Flag" was played, Dr. Butler explained that is was actually composed by Irishman, Harry McCarthy of Arkansas. Similarly, another Irishman by the name of Dan Emmet, composed one of the most famous and controversial Civil War anthems, "Dixie Land."

In addition to Civil War anthems, Dr. Butler gave a short history lesson on the importance of Civil War bands. He explained that their drums, fifes and bugles were responsible for specific cadence signals during battle. Contrary to popular belief, Dr. Butler noted that the majority of bands were comprised of skilled musicians, not just teenage boys. Towards the end of the war, the Union Army recruited African American slaves to join their bands. Civil War "black musicians" were also a part of our local Charleston history.

"Major" Peter Brown was born a "free man of color" in 1803 and is considered one of Charleston's most famous musicians. Mr. Brown's 50 year musical career includes his role as the leader of John C. Calhoun's funeral band. "Black musicians" continued to have a place in Lowcountry history, as post Civil War bands are credited for the beginnings of Jazz. Most well known, is the Jenkins Orphanage Band.

In addition to Civil War "Black musicians" and their role in the jazz movement, Dr. Butler discussed slave songs and their often unrecognized role in modern music. Popular slave songs such as "Michael Row the Boat Ashore" originated in the Lowcountry. These "call and response" songs are also known as "black spiritual" songs and are an important part of our Charleston legacy.

Dr. Butler ended his presentation with his three topic conclusions: commercialism encouraged uniformity, the legacy of "black bands" is often overlooked and Lowcountry "Spirituals" are world-renowned.

Submitted by Teal Van Saun, Keyway Committee

May 16, 2010

Four Seniors Win Rotary Scholarships

May 11, 2010: Four top Charleston high school seniors received $1,000 scholarships from the Rotary Club of Charleston for their commitment to serving the community.

"Today we will honor students from Ashley Hall, Burke, First Baptist and Porter-Gaud who have not only excelled academically, but who through their service have demonstrated that they are already acting on the ideals of Rotary," said Rotarian Jeremy Cook, who heads the club's scholarship committee.

Winners of the scholarship were:

Marjorie Hanger, Ashley Hall. Principal Mary Schweers, who introduced Hanger, said the student once said, "With education comes opportunity and responsibility, and she has taken that message to heart." Hanger developed a volunteer program in Charleston, Dining with Women, to raise money and awareness of global issues. She said she learned through the project to try to make a difference in small ways - and that if a lot of people did that, there would be bigger change. She plans on attending DePaul University in Chicago.

Kimberly Bowman, Burke High School. Guidance Counselor Debra Woods outlined scholarship and other achievements by Bowman at the local school, including earning scholarship offers totaling $700,000. Bowman said in recent years she has valued working in the community in after school and programs to help the elderly. "I consider my time spent in the community my most significant experiences," she said. "Devoting time to others' lives is the most amazing contribution." She will attend Susquehanna University in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania.

Allie Hiott, First Baptist School. After counselor Sheree Bridges highlighted Hiott's service as senior class president and design editor for the school yearbook, Hiott shared how she volunteered on two trips to a depressed West Virginia coal-mining town to help rebuild homes and learn new skills. Through the group projects, she said she learned that helping families made a big impact. "Serving others blesses me more than the people I help," she said. Hiott will attend Wofford College in Spartanburg.

Katherine Smith, Porter-Gaud School. School coordinator Gretchen Tate introduced Smith as "one of the most dedicated and selfless student volunteers I have ever been associated with." Over the past four years, Smith gave more than 120 hours of volunteer service with an emphasis on helping sick and elderly people. She said she planned to continue to volunteer, particularly in the Relay for Life program. She will attend the European Business School, an international college in Germany.

Cook summed up the scholarship presentation with a quote from Muhammad Ali: "Don't count the days. Make the days count," which it was obvious that all four students have done.

Submitted by Andy Brack, Keyway Committee

May 7, 2010


May 5, 2010: David Dunlap, CEO of the Roper St Frances Hospital, spoke about Health Care Reform. The Roper system has 5000 employees in 90 locations in 7 counties. Locally, the company includes Roper Hospital, St. Frances in West Ashley and the soon to be completed hospital in Mt. Pleasant.

While no one ever asks for the cheapest services when faced with a cancer operation, those same people will dub the hospital bill "outrageous". The system is broken, but the opinions on how to fix it are varied. Currently, health care in SC is provided in three ways: 2.2 million people receive it by employer based plans, which came into being during WWII when employers could not raise wages so they offered health benefits instead; 1.2 million get government sponsored plans through Medicare, Medicaid, Tri-Care or VA [military retirees]; 178,000 people buy private plans in the market. This leaves 760,000 in SC with no coverage: 557,000 are working taxpayers who have no job benefits and cannot afford plans, 357,000 people at the poverty level and the remainder who are poor single folks without children who are not eligible for anything.

The final group are covered by the EMTALA act of 1986 by the Federal government which forbids hospitals to deny medical services to those in need. In the last year SC hospitals spent 1 billion dollars on those people who paid nothing for their care. This cost is simply passed on to the bills of those who do pay. In 1999 the premiums for those with work related plans cost about $1500, with the employer share being $4200. In 2009 the employee share had gone to $3500 with the employer now paying $9800 per policy. This astronomical escalation of costs in simply not sustainable. The system as we know it, though medically superior, is broken.

This brings us to the new Federal Health Care Law of 2010. First David discussed the myths, which are false: there will be no choice in providers, there will be death panels, illegal immigrants will get free health care, there will be federal funds for abortion, health care will be rationed, according to Mr. Dunlap the above statements are simply not correct. Here are the facts:
coverage will not be denied due to pre-existing conditions; children can stay on parents' policy until age 26; no higher premiums based upon gender or past medical history; no annual or lifetime limits to coverage; ability to shop among private carriers for policies [no public option]; there is an individual mandate, i.e. all must participate and not just wait until sick to start paying for medical costs; tax credits for employers with small businesses; state's share of Medicaid paid for by the Federal government starting in 2014, with a declining assistance after 2016. There are other changes associated with the new plan for employers, physicians and patients. Employers will pay less for their share of an employees coverage, hospitals should have less debt, doctors will be paid for performance not volume of tests, see an increase in volume, and receive less compensation on specialty care. Patients and tax payers should see an increase in the populations coverage and perhaps a tax increase down the road.

Mr. Dunlap's predictions - There will be continuing evolving changes. Many people will still delay getting medical care when they need it. Mental Health care is still not receiving improvements in coverage. Doctors may receive less reimbursement per patient. Intermediate medical service personnel such as nurse practitioners and physicians assistants will increase in number.

Reported by Fred Sales, Keyway Committee

April 28, 2010


April 27, 2010: Vice Chairman John E. "Butch" Howard of the Public Service Commission told us that the commission began in 1878 as a Railroad Commission, followed by the PSC in 1919 and the two groups became one in 1934. The mission is to regulate the state's investor owned utilities. Today the PSC regulates Electric: Duke Power, Lockhart Power, Progress Energy and SCE&G. Also Natural Gas: Piedmont Natural Gas and SCE&G, Water and Sewer, Telecommunications, For Hire Transportation, Household Goods Movers, and Hazardous Waste Transportation and Disposal.

Act 175 of the SC Legislature moved the regulatory functions to the Office of Regulatory Staff making PSC a Quasi-Judicial Body. The PSC can no longer handle complaints but encourages settlements by adversaries. Hearings have involved Telecommunications 30%, Transportation 28%, Electric 20%, Water/Wastewater 17% and Gas 5%.

In two cases before the U.S. Supreme court standards were set entitling utilities to earn a reasonable and sufficient rate of return, and to fix just and reasonable rates to balance both investor and consumer interests.

Among the issues facing PSC:
- Rate Requests
- Energy Efficiency Programs
- Demand Side Management Programs
- Renewable Energy
- Nuclear Energy Production
- Emission Control
- Quality of Service

On response to a question about nuclear power, he noted that the projected cost of 18 billion dollars to build a new plant has made such construction virtually impossible.

Reported by Fred Sales, Keyway Committee

April 23, 2010

Pathways Program Helps Students, Businesses

APRIL 20, 2010: A statewide Internet-based workforce assessment and development tool is helping South Carolina high school students improve their performance and transition better to college, according to marketer Bill Barlow.

Barlow, who is the state's spokesman for a program that schools, parents and job seekers to businesses, told Rotarians that the Kuder Connect 2 Business program is positively impacting how students prepare to enter the workforce.

Starting in the eighth grade, every South Carolina student, in coordination with school counselors, uses the C2B Internet tool from the state's Personal Pathways to Success program to develop an individualized graduation plan. Not only does the program help students target career clusters and plan their high school education, it is flexible enough to change as students' interests mature.

So far, 97 percent of students in grades 8-10 have an Individualized Graduation Plan, Barlow said. "It's an ongoing process - a living document that helps students prepare for a post-secondary education." Among the results of the program:

School performance. For 20 percent of the students involved in the program, there is a demonstrable increase in school performance, Barlow said.

To college. Some 91 percent of students in the program go beyond high school to post-secondary study - quite a difference from the 67 percent of students nationally who move forward to college.

Better picks. The program is believed to help students complete college more quickly as 60 percent don't change their major, compared to 40 percent nationally.

While students reap big benefits from the C2B program, South Carolina businesses can too, Barlow said. The program seeks to add business partners to its database so that students can learn of career possibilities. Businesses that create profiles on the C2B program also can use it to recruit candidates, get publicity and give back to their communities.

"We are scratching the surface of opportunities for businesses right now," Barlow said. Learn more online at:

Submitted by: Andy Brack, Keyway Committee

April 18, 2010

Charleston Navy Week

April 13, 2010: Today's speaker, Rear Admiral John Goodwin began his presentation with a little comic relief as he gave newly engaged Ken Caldwell the same advice his father, a Navy Chief in World War Two, gave him years ago: "Marriage is an institution. Are you sure you want to live in an institution?!" As laughter ensued, Goodwin was sure to credit his "Mrs. Always Right" with his success in life and naval achievements.

Goodwin's naval achievements began upon his graduation from the University of South Carolina and commission in May of 1975. He was designated a naval aviator in February 1977. Goodwin's naval career spans from a flight instructor in the TA-4j Skyhawk to flying the FA-18 for the Strike Fighter Squadron 25. He jokingly compared the aircrafts as a Volkswagen to a Corvette.

More recently, following Naval Nuclear Propulsion training, Goodwin served as executive officer of USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) until April 1998. He assumed command of USS Rainier (AOE 7) in June 1998. Goodwin assumed command of the Pre-Commissioning Unit Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) and became the first commanding officer, USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) in July 2003. His most recent assignment was Commander, Naval Air Force Atlantic.

His decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medal, Navy Commendation Medal, Navy Achievement Medal, as well as numerous unit commendations and awards.

During his Rotary presentation, Goodwin answered the question "what is the Navy doing and why does it matter?" in three parts: Full Combat, Humanitarian Relief and Piracy. He discussed the Navy's role in the Middle East and how their commitment to fighting terrorism is evident in the number of sailors on the ground versus at sea. The commitment is focused on "playing the away game and not the home game;" a dedication clearly focused after September 11th.

Goodwin discussed the Navy's recent humanitarian relief efforts in Haiti and Indonesia and their commitment to providing fresh water. While he applauded Water Mission International's local efforts, Goodwin noted the Navy's impressive ability to provide 400,000 gallons of fresh water a day.

During Goodwin's remarks on piracy and their efforts to disrupt commerce, he emphasized the important role the ocean plays in our world and its vast size, covering three-fourths of the world. In order to protect our waters and defeat modern day pirates, Goodwin explained that the Navy is part of maritime strategy and national defense.

In addition to Goodwin's three-part Navy review, he discussed the events of the upcoming Charleston Navy Week:

- The Blue Angels will fly over Charleston Harbor on Saturday and Sunday.
- Divers will demonstrate bomb dismantling in a dive tank at the Aquarium.
- Sailors will volunteer time at Habitat for Humanity as part of their service project.

Goodwin concluded his presentation remarking on his great enthusiasm for this generation of armed service men and women and his belief that the "future of this country in is good hands." He closed with "It's an honor to be in South Carolina and in this country. God bless you and God bless America."

Submitted by: Teal Van Saun, Keyway Committee

April 9, 2010

The Civil War Facts or Fiction ...

April 6, 2010: Andy Brack provided an overview of the new Civil War lecture series that was kicked off today with a presentation by The Citadel History Professor, Kyle Sinisi. He provided a compelling overview of the timeline of how historians since the 19th c. have qualified the genesis and justification of the conflict (aka, "the great unpleasantness," "the war between the states..."). Andy introduced lecturer, Kyle Sinisi, professor of History at The Citadel. He listed the other installments of the new series on the Civil War:

May 18 -- Dr. Nic Butler, Charleston County Public Library, who will discuss material from an upcoming book he is writing that looks at militia music in the South during the Civil War: Music played mostly by African-American musicians that served as a precursor to Jenkins Orphanage bandstand later, Charleston's brand of jazz.

June 15 -- Dr. Bernard Powers, history professor at the College of Charleston, will review "Slavery and the Coming of the Civil War."

July 27 -- Dr. Stephen Wise, Director of the Marine Corps museum at Parris Island, will speak about blockade running during the Civil War. He is author of a highly-acclaimed book on the subject, Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War .

Dec. 7 -- Dr. Eric Emerson, Director of the S.C. Department of Archives and History, will discuss South Carolina's secession in Dec. 1860 (150 years earlier). He will bring the original copy of the Ordinance of Secession to the meeting. Eric is a former member of our club.

Professor Sinisi spoke to the rapt audience about the various views of the Civil War by historians over time. He provided an interesting overview of how historians have studied and assessed the reason for the war, the role of secession and the differences in values, or "belief sets" of the north and south (e.g., industrialization vs. agrarianism, art, music, government, etc.). One summary illustrated the shared responsibility in the start of the war due to regional beliefs. He cited the role of good and evil in the war as compared to World War II, where evil was more obvious and concrete. Interestingly, it wasn't until the post WWII era that historians began studying the Civil War through the lens of good vs. evil and rested on slavery as the main source of that tension.

Submitted by: Mark Danes, Keyway Committee

April 2, 2010

Growing the School of Business, at the College of Charleston

March 30, 2010: Valerie Morris introduced Dr. Alan Shao, Dean of the Business School of the College of Charleston. Dr. Shao indicated that, prior to taking the position of Dean of the Business School of the College of Charleston, he taught at the U. of Alabama and was Dean of the Business School at the U. of North Carolina for 19 years. He said that he has traveled to China more than a hundred times, often as a business consultant to many major companies who do business with the Chinese. In 2005 he was listed in the Journal of Advertising as one of the most influential leaders in the country. Shao stated that his mother is from South Carolina though his ancestry in China.

Dr. Shao said that the number one challenge in higher education today is competition from for-profit schools. From 1988 - 1998, growth in for-profit schools grew by 319%. From 1998 - 2008, growth in for-profit schools grew by 664%. An example he cited was that the U. of Phoenix currently has 455,000 students on the rolls. For-profit institutions have grown at a rate of 9% per year over the past 10 years. He said that the reason for this is that these schools are: 1) Student focused; 2) Convenient within a community; 3) Make up 7% of all college enrollments.

In South Carolina, Dr. Shao said that there is a minimal support for state run schools - 10%; and maximum control of the C of C by the state - 100%. Only $424 million is offered in financial support to all schools in the entire state. Whereas, $458 million is given by the state of Georgia to the U. of Georgia alone.

Dr. Shao then showed an excellent video highlighting qualities of the C of C Business School. He boasted that only 5% of the business schools in the entire United States have as high of a certification as the C of C. Currently he is celebrating his first full year as Dean of the business school. He said that a current and ongoing goal is that of globalization. He wants to strongly market the school outside of the United States.

Dr. Shao then outlined five goals that he has for the business school. They are:

Step 1: Globalization (they are currently working closely with China).
Step 2: Increasing graduate programs.
Step 3: Increase community partnerships.
Step 4: Train students to "think differently."
Step 5: Increase online education opportunities.

These steps are a snapshot of where he sees the future of the business school heading. He added that they are also attempting to become less dependent on state support and provide a more student-oriented educational experience. When asked about how much money the business school wanted from the state, he responded by saying that he wanted the school to become 100% independent from state resources and that to do that he will be generating funds from private sources. He wants to reduce dependence on the state and become self-supportive.

Reported by: William K. Christian, III, Keyway Committee

March 25, 2010

Defense Contracts Sustaining Small Businesses

March 23, 2010: Bill Crowe spoke to the club about gaining traction in small business during the current recession. Bill gained valuable experience spending several years running his own company, Aerotech, and in 1998 he retired and went to work for an IT company in Virginia. Recently Bill, accepted a position as the Vice President for the South East Region of the Copper River Native Association, an Alaska Native Corporation. Bill's remarks focused on the utilization of government contracts as a stable source of income for small to medium sized businesses, his theories are based on the thoughts that follow.

In the tri-county area, Spawar, The Naval Weapons Station and the Air Force Base there are between six and eight billion dollars worth of defense contracts available to sustain local businesses and our economy by providing valuable jobs to our citizens. To illustrate this impact Bill shared this observation "North East Virginia is the hub of defense contracting and the employment rate in that area is less than 1%" this is a powerful statistic in this current recession.
Because 85% of small businesses fail within the first five years of opening, and bank financing is slim and private funding is expensive, Bill points out that consistent contracts are a way for small local companies to "gain traction". In recent years there has been a noticeable shift in the thinking of contracting officers, as they realize that small businesses can team up with large corporation to fulfill their needs, and the agency works towards its quota to small disadvantaged businesses. There are additional benefits for companies denoted as service disabled veteran owned companies, and Alaskan Native Corporations.

In summary Bill stated the government is going to be the meal ticket as the country continues climbing out of this recession, and businesses in the lowcountry may as well take advantage.

Reported by: Elizabeth Wooten Burwell, Keyway Committee Chair
Investing in the Leaders of Tomorrow

March 16, 2010: A new charter school for gifted and talented students will help the area develop tomorrow's leaders for the area, according to organizers of the Palmetto Scholars Academy.

"If you are not helping gifted students, you are holding them back," said Rotarian Win Gasperson when introducing the meeting's speaker, Dr. Shelagh Gallagher of Charlotte. "There is no middle ground."

Gallagher observed that with big changes going on in the world, strong leadership is needed more than ever. For today's students to turn into tomorrow's leaders, they need a where they can learn to "sustain innovation, think historically, appreciate complexity, communicate clearly across cultures, respect diversity and practice ethically."

But hundreds of talented students in the Lowcountry aren't challenged enough to help them develop to their potential, in part, because current schools focus on bringing the bottom of classes up to the expense of those at the top, she said.

It's a myth, Gallagher said, that these gifted students will be OK - that they'll figure out how to be challenged. She asked members to think how a talented basketball player isn't left to his own devices as less-talented ones are brought up in skill level. Instead, the talented player often gets extra help.

"If Michael Jordan had not had that kind of support, it's very likely he would have become kind of bored," she said. "Why can't we do this for the areas of society that will actually develop our civilization rather than just entertain us?"

Gallagher said a school that targets gifted and talented students will help them to develop intellectually and become the leaders of tomorrow.

The Academy is seeking to open in August for students in grades six through eight. Eventually, it will run through high school.

"This school is going to be a national model in bringing the business and technology communities together to reverse this trend," noted Stacey Lindbergh, a North Charleston Rotarian who chairs' the group putting the new school together. More info:
ALSO TUESDAY, the club welcomed a GSA group from the state of Parana in Brazil. In a short slideshow presentation, members heard from the five visitors - two educators, a business administrator and two dentists. Among the statistics they provided: Brazil has almost 200 million people. It takes up 47 percent of the land mass of South America. Parana has 84 Rotary clubs and more than 2,000 Rotarians .

Mark Smith gave the invocation and pledge. Tom Clymer provided information on the charity Duck Race. Sue Sommer-Kresse introduced the GSE team.
Reported by: Andy Brack, Keyway Committee